flaws could hinder the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) ability to
deliver on its own climate goals in reducing carbon emissions, a new report
by Transparency International showed.
The report entitled, “Governance at the
International Maritime Organisation: The Case for Reform,” outlines several key
policy issues and recommendations that the IMO, the United Nation’s leading
shipping agency, must address in order to meet international standards for
transparency, accountability, and integrity.
organization said that these changes are essential if the IMO is going to
honour its environmental and climate mandates and reach a reduction of
greenhouse gas emissions of at least 50 per cent by 2050.
transform the IMO’s accountability policies, which are currently hindering
policymaking and leaving the agency susceptible to private influence. While the
IMO’s initial strategy adopted in April is a big step forward for the
international shipping sector, more must be done to ensure the agency meets its
targets,” said Rueben Lifuka, vice
chair of Transparency International.
emissions could grow from 2.5 percent to 17 percent by 2050. However, to limit
the rise in global temperatures by one-and-a-half-degree, as outlined in the
Paris Agreement, some research suggests this number must actually reach zero by
tackling shipping issues, the IMO has a significant role to play in curbing
emissions. However, in its current set-up, the IMO is at risk of severely
under-delivering on its targets.
in the IMO governance structure, including a disproportionate influence of
private industry over the IMO and an unequal influence of certain Member States
in the policymaking process. In addition, the agency suffers from an increase
in privately-operated registries in states that serve as tax havens and a lack
of delegate accountability.
urged the IMO and its Member States to take the following immediate actions:
society, industry and other key stakeholders to improve transparency and remove
current restrictions on journalists covering IMO meetings and speakers.
– Ensure decision-making processes are transparent and reflect the public
interest by developing rules for the appointment of Member State delegations
and third-party representatives.
mandate of the Internal Oversight and Ethics Office to detect and investigate
potential breaches in the code of conduct and provide subsequent sanctions, if
necessary, or refer to national authorities, as appropriate. In addition,
extend the IMO’s whistleblowing and complaint policies to include Member State